• Tuesday , 19 November 2019

Architecture and the Pattern Book

Vitruvius, De Architectura, with commentaries by Daniele Barbaro and wood-cut illustrations by Andrea Palladio, (Venice, 1556), p. 89, detail.

On the evening of 7 June, Professor Christine Casey of the History of Art Department, Trinity College, opened an exhibition of historic architectural publications from the collection of her former mentor in UCD, Alistair Rowan, and his wife Ann Martha Rowan. The Rowans have placed these works – over 260 volumes – in the Irish Architectural Archive and this exhibition celebrates this deposit while also marking European Year of Cultural Heritage 2018. Included in the exhibition are such highlights as the 1556 Venice publication of Daniele Barbaro’s commentary on the ancient Roman architect Vitruvius, with plates by the renowned Italian architect Andrea Palladio; a sequence of several editions of Vignola’s seminal work on the Classical orders of architecture; Antoine Desgodetz’s Les Edifices Antique de Rome of 1682, and J.D. Le Roy’s magnificent Les Ruines des Plus Beaux Monuments de la Grèce of 1758.

Though relatively few architectural books were published in Ireland in the eighteenth or even in the nineteenth century, architects and their patrons in the country were well informed on the range of architectural styles, taste and the technicalities of construction through a vast array of European architectural publications. Books on architectural theory and practice are part of a distinctive European tradition which began in Italy in the latter half of the sixteenth century and soon extended to France, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain and Britain.

J.D. Le Roy, Les Ruines des Plus Beaux Monuments de la Grèce, (Paris, 1758), pl. 2.

This strong and resilient tradition of architectural publication constitutes an important element in the cultural inheritance of Europe and, even though there are few native volumes, the consequence of this inheritance is felt everywhere in Ireland. It is most obviously present in the buildings produced by generations of Irish architects exposed to and working with the patterns presented in these European books. These buildings range from the Palladianism of Sir Edward Lovett Pearce and Richard Castle to the austere classicism of Francis Johnston, the Picturesque houses of Sir Richard and William Vitruvius Morrison, the castles and court houses of George and James Pain and, particularly, in the Irish Gothic Revival, to the magnificent churches of Thomas Duff, James Joseph McCarthy, George Coppinger Ashlin and William Hague.

Alistair and Ann Martha Rowan, have been closely associated with the Irish Architectural Archive since its foundation. Alistair served as Chairman of the Archive through six critical years from 1981 to 1987 while Ann Martha began working in the Archive in 1978. Initially cataloguing the collections and working on the Morrison family of architects, she turned her attention from 1991 to the creation of the online Dictionary of Irish Architects (www.dia.ie), a task which took more than eighteen years before completion in 2009. Together the Rowans have recently deposited their important collection of historic architectural volumes with the Archive, providing representative examples from many different countries of this profoundly European cultural heritage.

This exhibition celebrates the deposit of the Rowan Collection while also marking European Year of Cultural Heritage 2018.

For further details on the opening hours visit iarc.ie.

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